November 23, 2017

Sovereign Immunity, Part I

Imagine you own a company that ships products internationally. You regularly negotiate contracts with exporters, either those who are seeking to ship products into the United […]
November 9, 2017


An important aspect of conducting business with any party in any jurisdiction is the ability to enforce the terms of the agreement. It is highly risky […]
September 29, 2017

New Rules for Cargo Carriers

Transporting cargo across the sea is big business. As a result, a number of members of the United Nations have proposed revised rules to streamline the […]
May 25, 2017


Piracy has affected international travel for centuries. It is said that the Sea Peoples hounded and attacked ancient Egypt and other eastern Mediterranean and Aegean sea […]
May 5, 2017

Oil Pollution Regulation: OPA 90

Initially, case law discussing maritime torts was the source for U.S. law governing liability for maritime oil spills. Based on the tort theories of negligence, nuisance, […]
March 17, 2017

Maintenance and Cure

Seafaring has long been considered a dangerous activity. Sailors out on the ocean are exposed to the elements, which include storms, seasickness, pirates, and diseases. As […]
March 3, 2017


  Maritime piracy is probably as old as maritime commerce. In recent years, with increasing maritime commerce, there has been a surge of piracy in international […]
January 20, 2017

Classification Societies

An important aspect of the maritime industry is the prevalence of “classification societies.” These class societies are organizations that provide ship design, compliance, inspection, and other […]
January 6, 2017

Cargo Disputes

Over 90% of global trade is shipped via the sea. Tank vessels carry crude oil and refined petroleum to fuel cars, power plants, and aircraft. Container […]
December 30, 2016

Maritime Attachment

Maritime law was developed to facilitate maritime commerce. Since ancient times, one issue has been the “peripatetic defendant,” who is always moving around and hard to […]